Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

Posted: December 14th, 2022

Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

Week 4: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
When first introduced, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) was unlike any other therapeutic approach. For years, psychotherapeutic techniques were driven by psychoanalytic theories. These techniques were time consuming, leaving many therapists frustrated with the length of time involved in helping their clients achieve a sense of relief. With the development of CBT, however, therapists were able to help their clients heal more quickly. This poses the questions: If CBT is more efficient than other techniques, why isn’t it used with all clients? How do you know when CBT is an appropriate therapeutic approach?Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

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This week, as you examine cognitive behavioral therapy and its appropriateness for clients, you compare it to rational emotive behavioral therapy. You also develop diagnoses for clients receiving psychotherapy and consider legal and ethical implications of counseling these clients.Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

Photo Credit: Clayton Rohner/Creatas Video/Getty Images

Learning Resources
Required Readings
Wheeler, K. (Ed.). (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A how-to guide for evidence-based practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

Chapter 8, “Cognitive Behavioral Therapy” (pp. 313–346)
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Required Media
Sommers-Flanagan, J., & Sommers-Flanagan, R. (2013). Counseling and psychotherapy theories in context and practice [Video file]. Mill Valley, CA: Psychotherapy.net.

Beck, A. (1994). Aaron Beck on cognitive therapy [Video file]. Mill Valley, CA: Psychotherapy.net.

Eysenck, H. (n.d.). Hans Eysenck on behavior therapy [Video file]. Mill Valley, CA: Psychotherapy.net.

Optional Resources
Ellis, A. (2012). Albert Ellis on REBT [Video file]. Mill Valley, CA: Psychotherapy.net.Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

 

Note: You will access this media from the Walden Library databases. The approximate length of this media piece is 50 minutes.

Assignment 1: Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory
While cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) have many similarities, they are distinctly different therapeutic approaches. When assessing clients and selecting one of these therapies, you must recognize the importance of not only selecting the one that is best for the client, but also the approach that most aligns to your own skill set. For this Assignment, as you examine the similarities and differences between CBT and REBT, consider which therapeutic approach you might use with your clients.

Learning Objectives
Students will:
Compare cognitive behavioral therapy and rational emotive behavioral therapy
Recommend cognitive behavioral therapies for clients
To prepare:

Review the media in this week’s Learning Resources.
Reflect on the various forms of cognitive behavioral therapy.
The Assignment
In a 1- to 2-page paper, address the following:Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

Briefly describe how cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) are similar.
Explain at least three differences between CBT and REBT. Include how these differences might impact your practice as a mental health counselor.
Explain which version of cognitive behavioral therapy you might use with clients and why. Support your approach with evidence-based literature.
Note: The School of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The Sample Paper provided at the Walden Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available at

Demonstrates and applies exceptional support of major points and integrates 2 or more credible outside sources, in addition to 2-3 course resources to suppport point of view.Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

CBT versus REBT

Psychotherapy is a structured approach that engages a therapist as a mediator to address potentially debilitating subjects that have psychiatric implications. Applying scientifically corroborated approaches, psychotherapy focuses on helping clients to develop healthier and more effective behaviors that allow for happier and productive lives. There is a range of distinctive approaches applied in psychotherapy with each approach applying a distinctive perspective that guides the interactions between the therapist and client. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) are two examples of psychotherapy approaches (Sadock, B., Sadock, V. & Ruiz, 2014). The present essay discusses the inherent similarities and dissimilarities between CBT and REBT.Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

Discussion

Similarities

There are three similarities between the two therapies. Firstly, they use theoretical perspectives to guide the interactions between the therapist and client. The therapist uses the guide to understand the issues of concern and develop effective solutions for these issues. Secondly, they are used to address negative emotions and distorted cognition to include inappropriate feelings of guilt and anger. Thirdly, they need the therapist and client to have an open relationship whereby they work together to explore the problem and present the appropriate solution (Acton, 2013; Wheeler, 2015).Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

Dissimilarities

Five dissimilaritiescan be noted between the two therapies. Firstly, philosophical differences exist. CBT addresses distorted cognition while REBT addresses both emotional disturbances and distorted cognition. Secondly, CBT ignores secondary disturbances while REBT considers secondary disturbances as a primary concern. Thirdly, CBT seeks to reinforce positive qualities (behaviors, thoughts, and emotions) and discard negative qualities while REBT seeks to encourage unconditional self-acceptance of the positive and negative qualities. Fourthly, CBT looks at all negative qualities as inappropriate and unhelpful while REBT looks at negative qualities as either helpful or unhelpful(Acton, 2013; Wheeler, 2015).Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

Version of CBT to use

While there are different versions of CBT that can be used, perhaps the best version is Beck’s cognitive therapy. This version embodies the principles inherent in CBT by seeking to make clients aware of how their emotional responses, cognitive distortions, and thought processes are linked. It is preferable since it takes the clients through a learning process where their core beliefs about themselves and others in their environment are changed towards the preferred direction.Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory. It acknowledges that each individual has core beliefs that are difficult to eliminate and that can be masked. These core beliefs would present when the individual experiences a shocking or traumatic event. Beck’s cognitive therapy helps in the psychotherapy process by teaching the client cognitive and behavioral skills targeted at the development of helpful core beliefs. In fact, it makes the client more aware of the link between core beliefs and negative emotions to enable deliberate thought processes that achieve the desired responses when facing shocking or traumatic events. In addition, Beck’s cognitive therapy is delivered in short time; between 8 and 16 sessions to offer a speedy solution (Cautin & Lilienfeld, 2015).Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

Summary

Psychotherapy refers to structured approaches to address psychiatric and mental concerns with behaviors, thoughts and emotions. In fact, it helps clients to achieve happier, healthier and productive lives. The two therapies under review share similarities intheoretical perspectives, addressing distorted cognition, and requiring collaborative input. However, they have fundamental differences in theirphilosophies, importance attached to secondary disturbance, self-acceptance, and awareness of negative emotions. Overall, CBT focuses on dysfunctional thoughts, behaviors and emotions to address concerns about cognition and destructive behavior patterns while REBT focuses on rationalization to develop healthier feelings and thoughts to address self-defeating feelings and thoughts.Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

Introduction
Psychotherapy is a structured approach that engages a therapist as a mediator to address potentially debilitating subjects that have psychiatric implication. Applying scientifically corroborated approaches, psychotherapy focuses on helping clients to develop healthier and more effective behaviors that allow for happier and productive lives. There are a range of distinctive approaches applied in psychotherapy with each approach applying a distinctive perspective that guides the interactions between the therapist and client. Two examples of these approaches are cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT). CBT addresses cognition and destructive behavior pattern concerns through altering dysfunctional emotions, behaviors and thoughts. On the other hand, REBT addresses self-defeating thoughts and feelings by replacing them with healthier thoughts and feelings through rationalization (Sadock, B., Sadock, V. & Ruiz, 2014). The present essay explores the similarities and differences between CBT and REBT.Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.
Discussion
Similarities between CBT and REBT
There are three similarities between CBT and REBT. The first similarity is the use of theoretical perspectives to guide the interactions between the therapist and client. The therapist uses the guide to understand the issues of concern and develop effective solutions for these issues. The second similarity is that they are used to address negative emotions and distorted cognition to include inappropriate feelings of guilt and anger. The third similarity is the need for the therapist and client to have an open relationship whereby they work together to explore the problem and present the appropriate solution (Acton, 2013; Wheeler, 2015).
Differences between CBT and REBT
There are five differences between CBT and REBT. The first difference is that CBT is philosophically concerned with addressing distorted cognition while REBT is philosophically concerned with addressing both emotional disturbances and distorted cognition. The second difference is that CBT ignores secondary disturbances while REBT considers secondary disturbances as a primary concern. The third difference is that CBT seeks to reinforce positive qualities (behaviors, thoughts and emotions) and discard negative qualities while REBT seeks to encourage unconditional self-acceptance of the positive and negative qualities. The fourth difference is that CBT looks at all negative qualities as inappropriate and unhelpful while REBT looks at negative qualities as either helpful or unhelpful(Acton, 2013; Wheeler, 2015).Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.
Version of CBT to use
While there are different versions of CBT that can be used, perhaps the best version is Beck’s cognitive therapy. This version embodies the principles inherent in CBT by seeking to make clients aware of how their emotional responses, cognitive distortions and thought processes are linked. It is preferable since it takes the clients through a learning process where their core beliefs about themselves and others in their environment are changed towards the preferred direction. It acknowledges that each individual has core beliefs that are difficult to eliminate and that can be masked. This core beliefs would present when the individual experiences a shocking or traumatic event. Beck’s cognitive therapy helps in the psychotherapy process by teaching the client cognitive and behavioral skills targeted at the development of helpful core beliefs. In fact, it makes the client more aware of the link between core beliefs and negative emotions to enable deliberate thought processes that achieve the desired responses when facing shocking or traumatic events. In addition, Beck’s cognitive therapy is delivered in short time; between 8 and 16 sessions to offer a speedy solution (Cautin&Lilienfeld, 2015).Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.
Summary
Psychotherapy is refers to structured approaches to address psychiatric and mental concerns with behaviors, thoughts and emotions. In fact, it helps clients to achieve happier, healthier and productive lives. CBT and REBT are two psychotherapy approaches that are similar with regards to theoretical perspectives, addressing distorted cognition, and requiring collaborative input. On the other hand, they differ with regards to philosophies, importance attached to secondary disturbance, self-acceptance, and awareness of negative emotions.Cognitive Behavioral Theory Versus Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory.

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