Posted: November 24th, 2022
Diabetes is an endocrine system disorder that affects millions of children and adults (ADA, 2011). If left untreated, diabetic patients are at risk for several alterations including heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, neuropathy, and blindness. There are various methods for treating diabetes, many of which include some form of drug therapy. The type of diabetes as well as the patient’s behavior factors will impact treatment recommendations. In this Assignment, you compare types of diabetes including drug treatments for type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes. Diabetes and Drug Treatments Essay Paper
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Diabetes is usually classified as gestational, type 2 and type 1 diabetes. The pathophysiology of these major types of diabetes varies. According to Gray et al (2018), type1 diabetes, historically known as juvenile diabetes is a lifetime autoimmune illness distinguished by suppression or destruction of pancreatic beta cells produces insulin, resulting to production of little or no insulin. Even though there is an acknowledged hereditary, tendency, type1 diabetes can’t be connected with any recognizable causes, it isunpreventable and presently there is no cure for the condition.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body is unable to effectively utilize insulin. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body makes insufficient insulin or the body fails to effectively utilizes the insulin produced. Gray et al (2018) assert thatindividuals with type 2 diabetes are resistant to insulin. It is not known why some individuals become insulin resistance, but lifestylefactors, includinginactivity excess weight may be contributing factors.
Gestational diabetes only occurs during pregnancy. Like type 1 and type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes leads to high blood glucose and can affect the health of both the mother and the baby. When one is pregnant, the placenta produces hormones that may result to a backlog of glucose in the blood. The pancreas can produce sufficient insulin to breakdown the glucose, but if it doesn’t, the levels of blood sugar goes up and can lead to gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes generally stops after delivery (Gray et al, 2018). Diabetes and Drug Treatments Essay Paper
Patients with type diabetes can be treated with insulin when if they are unable sufficiently regulate their blood glucose through taking tablets. The two diverse forms of insulin include insulin analogues and human insulin. Sfetctu (2015) argues thatunlike numerous medications, insulin cannot be administered orally. Similar to other proteins with the gastrointestinal tract, insulin is normally reduced to its amino acid constituents, and so there is loss of insulin activity. Insteadinsulin is normally administered assubcutaneous injections through sole -utilization syringes repeated-utilization insulin pens or an insulin pump.
According to Marin-Penalver et al (2016) long acting insulin analogues such as detemir and glargine and ultra-long action insulin analogue such as Glargine -300 and degludec can be mixed with rapid acting insulin analogues such as glulisine, lispro and aspart within basal- bolus therapy. Type 2 diabetes can be managed through dietary habits. According Sami et al (2017), interventional studies have demonstrated that high monounsaturated fate and high carbohydrate diets lead to improvements in insulin sensitivity, while glucose clearance dietary measures encompass the primary intervention for regulation of dyslipidemia in patients with diabetes. Diabetes and Drug Treatments Essay Paper
Type 2 diabetes is a dreadful illness and can immensely reduce a patient’s quality of life, make one vulnerable to several grave illnesses and cause premature death. There are both long term and short term complications of type 2diabetes.Short-term impact of type 2 diabetes on patients include hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) hyperglycemia. (high blood glucose) along with diabetic ketoacidosis. Long term impacts oftype 2 diabetes on the patient include diabetic retinopathy macrovascular problems and nephropathy (Cabo&Jasinska, 2016).
High blood glucose over a long duration has numerous detrimental health outcomes, thus the longer an individual is diabetic, the poorer the health outcomes.Cabo and Jasinska (2016) argue that diabetes causes destruction of the body’s large and small blood vessels, impairs circulation and delivery of nutrients and oxygen to tissues. Type 2 diabetes also leads to nerve damageand damage to blood vessels and nerves is the main factor that causes long-term complications of the condition. Adverse effects of drug treatment include risk of hypoglycaemia, weight gain, heart failure and decreased bone density.Gastrointestinal side effects include abdominal pain, flatulence and diarrhea. Diabetes and Drug Treatments Essay Paper
Cabo, S., &Jasinska, M. (2016).Diabetes Type 2: You Can reserve it Naturally. California: SCB International.
Gray, S., Ferris, L., & White, E. (2018). Foundations of Nursing: Enrolled Nurses. New York: Cengage Learning.
Marin-Penalver, J., Matin-Timon, Sevellion-Collantes, C., &Canizo-Gomex, F. 92016). Update on the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. World Journal of Diabetes, 7(17): 354-395.
Sami, W., Ansari, T., Butt, N., & Hamid, M. (2017). Effect of diet on type 2 diabetes mellitus: A review. International Journal of Health Sciences, 11(2): 65-71.
Sfetctu, N. (2015). Health& Drugs: Disease, Prescription & Medication. New York:Barnes & Noble. Diabetes and Drug Treatments Essay Paper
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