Posted: December 11th, 2022
Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet.
To prepare for this Assignment:
• Select one disease that is either emerging or re-emerging in the world today.
• Research the disease using both scholarly and non-scholarly resources.
• Determine your audience (patients, other nurses, schools, etc.) that you would want to share the Fact Sheet with.
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• Select pieces of information that are appropriate for your audience.Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet.
Submit: A Fact Sheet.
• Indicate the audience on the Fact Sheet.
• Give a brief history of the disease.
• What are the implications of the spread of the disease?
• How does one detect and prevent the spread of this disease?
• How is this disease treated?
Your Fact Sheet should be visually stimulating, appropriate for your audience, and formatted with bullet points for easy reading.
Support your “facts” with references.
Note: Your Fact Sheet must be supported with at least three scholarly sources of evidence in the literature.
Gonsalves, G., Staley, P. (2014). Panic, paranoia, and public health—The AIDS epidemic’s lessons for Ebola. New England Journal of Medicine, 371(25), 2348–2349. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/docview/1638181938/fulltextPDF/4F465019626B4EB3PQ/2?accountid=14872
Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet.
Halm, M. A., & O’Connor, N. (2014). Do system-based interventions affect catheter-associated urinary tract infection? American Journal of Critical Care, 23(6), 505–509. doi:10.4037/ajcc2014689
Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet: Ebola
The target audience for this fact sheet includes:
• Healthcare workers such as physicians, nurses, and paramedics
• The audience is responsible for epidemic control
• Information about the prevention and control measures of Ebola is important to the audience.
History of Ebola
Ebola a very deadly viral disease was discovered within 1976 after outbreaks of fatal hemorrhagic fever in various parts of Central Africa. The first Ebola outbreak was in Congo, while the second outbreak was in South Sudan. The two outbreaks resulted from two genetically different viruses, namely; Sudan ebolavirusandZaire ebolavirus. Epidemiologic data indicate that Ebola virus occurred even before the 1976 outbreaks (CDC, 2019).
Implications of the Spread of the Disease
Factors associated with the spread of the Ebola virus include:
• Interacting directly with wildlife and coming into contact with infected animals
• Encroaching forested areas& coming in contact with infected animals
• Population growth
• Interacting with infected people (WHO, 2014)
If someone is suspected to have come into contact with the Ebola virus, the following symptoms can indicate Ebola virus disease:Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet.
• Muscle pain
• Abdominal pain
• General body weakness
• Unexplained hemorrhage (Abubakar et al, 2018)
Blood samples are then collected and tested in the laboratory to confirm the presence of the Ebola virus
Preventing the Spread of Ebola
• Proper hand hygiene the most effective way to prevent the spread of Ebola virus
• Avoid coming into contact with people and body fluids and blood from people suspected having Ebola virus
• Avoiding items used by infected people
• Avoiding burial rituals requiring handling body of individuals that succumbed from Ebola
• Avoiding bush-meat and animals such as bats and other wildlife
• Ebola virus (rVSV-ZEBOV) especially during emergencies (WHO, 2014)
Ebola treatment targets the disease symptoms because Ebola is a viral disease. Basic interventions that improve survival chances include:
• Intravenous provision of fluids and electrolytes
• Oxygen therapy
• Treatment and management of symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, fever, pain, and medication to support blood pressure
• Treatment of other infections (CDC, 2019).Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet.
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