Examples Of Health Disparities Affecting The Population

Posted: November 24th, 2022

Examples Of Health Disparities Affecting The Population

Module 1

The decreased percentage of women who get antenatal care during the first trimester of pregnancy in the city of Newark is a significant health disparity that demands addressing. The chances of having a healthy child increase for women who get early and regular antenatal care (Department of Health, 2021). Another health disparity is the high number of single mothers, which is associated with a greater likelihood of having poor birth outcomes including pre-term delivery, low birth weight, and neonatal deaths (Department of Health, 2021). Mothers who are not married account for approximately half of all births among Newark residents. Since children born to single mothers often have more inadequate financial and social resources than their peers, this health disparity may persist even after the birth of their children (Mikkonen et al., 2017). There is still another health disparity in Newark: the vast majority of children below the age of five are affected by poverty. Poverty makes it harder for people to have access to basic necessities such as secure and affordable housing, quality education, and public security, as well as nutritious meals, medical care, and clean surroundings free of potentially fatal pollutants (Department of Health, 2021). As poverty rates rise, more children will be exposed to health and wellbeing inequities, which may have long-term consequences Examples Of Health Disparities Affecting The Population.


Health Interventions

Several interventions have previously been implemented in New Jersey to enhance the living conditions of its inhabitants. Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is a federally funded public health initiative that offers aid to expectant and postpartum women, children, and infants. Health inequities affecting women and children are addressed via this initiative. An additional intervention presented by the State of New Jersey is the TEACH initiative, which gives assistance to expectant and new adolescent mothers. This initiative contributes to the reduction of inequalities among children born to adolescent mothers as well as the prevention of disparities among teen parents. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is another program that offers low-income households diet and nutrition support. Through this program, families are able to purchase more nutritious and healthful foods. Health disparities encountered by residents of the city of Newark may be reduced by making these initiatives available to them Examples Of Health Disparities Affecting The Population.


Department of Health. (2021). NJSHAD – Community Health Highlights Report for Essex. New Jersey State Health Assessment Data. https://wwwdoh.state.nj.us/doh-shad/community/highlight/report/GeoCnty/7.html?PrinterFriendly=x

Mikkonen, H. M., Salonen, M. K., Häkkinen, A., Olkkola, M., Pesonen, A., Räikkönen, K., Osmond, C., Eriksson, J. G., & Kajantie, E. (2017). The lifelong socioeconomic disadvantage of single-mother background – the Helsinki birth cohort study 1934–1944. BMC Public Health, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3485-z

Examples Of Health Disparities Affecting The Population

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