IHuman case study: Angela Cotez Essay.

Posted: December 5th, 2022

IHuman case study: Angela Cotez Essay.


This week, complete the iHuman case titled “Angela Cotez V3.1 PC”.

Apply information from the iHuman Case Study to answer the following questions:

Describe the evaluation tool and explain why this tool is essential in the care of the adolescent patient population.
Apply the findings of the scholarly research articles to the use of this evaluation tool and describe its validity and reliability.IHuman case study: Angela Cotez Essay.


Apply this evaluation tool to a patient situation and summarize your opinion of the results.
Describe a plan of care for the patient, depending upon the results.

Case Overview
The client in this case was a 17 year old female named Angela Cortez. She presented with complaints of lack of energy and general body malaise for the last two months. These symptoms were associated with weight gain and irritability. As a result, her performance in school has severely declined and neither could she actively participate in usual activities of daily life. In the last month, she used to cry on a regular basis. Physical exam revealed a tearful young female with acanthosis, acne and striae and an elevated BMI.IHuman case study: Angela Cotez Essay.
The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-A) and Its Essence In The Care Of Adolescent Patient Population
The Patient Health Questionnaire is an ideal screening tool that is easy to understand, brief, simple to score, readily available and with strong performance characteristics among adolescents. It is a self-administered tool used to assess clients for various disorders such as depression, eating disorders, substance use and mood disorders and anxiety common among adolescents in primary care settings (Johnson et al., 2012). It is preferred for use in this population due to the numerous risks that individuals within this population are predisposed to and the urgent need to have those mental health disorders adequately managed. In this case, the components of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) will provide a more specific approach to assess the client for depression (Johnson et al., 2012). The tool tends to incorporate the DSM-IV criteria for depression with other symptoms for major depressive disorder as part of the screening process.
Application of Findings of Scholarly Research Articles To The Use of The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)
According to an AdolesSCent Health (ASC) study which was conducted by an interdisciplinary team at the Group Health (GH) Research Institute and the University of Washington which purposed to establish the effectiveness of adolescent screening tools used in primary care settings. The findings supported the diagnostic validity of the PHQ-A. Clinical interviews that were conducted also revealed similar occurrences of depression, substance use and mood disorders (Richardson et al., 2010). However, when compared to clinical interviews, PHQ-A was highly specific, sensitive and accurate in diagnostics. Generally, it was agreed that the PHQ-A instrument can be used in primary care settings by healthcare providers to screen and diagnose adolescents for mental disorders (Richardson et al., 2010). This is attributed to the fact that it is efficient and accurate for recognizing mental disorders among adolescents, who are basically considered a high risk group.IHuman case study: Angela Cotez Essay.
Applying The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) To A Patient Situation
Angela was evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) Modified for Adolescents based on the complaints that she presented with which clearly reflected significance changes in her overall behavior and mood with reference to appetite, feelings, concentration and general interests within two weeks. Based on the interview conducted, the responses on the evaluation tool and the overall scoring, she was diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (Otte et al., 2016).
Patient Care Plan
According to the American Psychological Association it will be necessary to refer Angela to a mental health specialist, particularly a psychiatrist who will assess her and immediately begin her management with the appropriate drugs and psychotherapy. The FDA recommends SSRIs for the 1st line management of depression among adolescents (Otte et al., 2016). Cognitive behavioral therapy is the referred psychotherapy of choice that has proven to have good clinical outcomes. During treatment, Angela will have to be closely monitored for possible medication side effects such as suicidal ideation and black box warnings (Otte et al., 2016).Collaboration with a nutritionist to assess and manage for proper nutrition will also be essential.IHuman case study: Angela Cotez Essay.

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