NSG4076 W7 Dis Causes of Death

Posted: December 18th, 2022

NSG4076 W7 Dis Causes of Death

A review of the 2017 vital health statistics for the non-Hispanic White population in the USA reveals that there are different rankings for elderly persons between 75 and 84 years of age and those older than 84 years of age. Among persons between 75 and 84 years of age, the descending ranked order of the ten leading causes of death is: malignant neoplasms; diseases of heart; lower respiratory diseases; cerebrovascular diseases; Alzheimer disease; accidents (unintentional injuries); diabetes mellitus; Parkinson disease; influenza and pneumonia; and nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis. Among persons older than 84 years of age, the descending ranked order of the ten leading causes of death is: diseases of heart; malignant neoplasms; Alzheimer disease; cerebrovascular diseases; chronic lower respiratory diseases; accidents (unintentional injuries); influenza and pneumonia; nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis; diabetes mellitus; and Parkinson disease (see Figure 1). The data makes it clear that although the two age groups have the same ten leading causes of death, these causes have been ranked differently. In addition, the older age group has a significantly higher death rate, three times higher (4,612.9 versus 14,336.0). This difference in the death rate is likely caused by age-based health declines (Heron, 2019). At the biological level, the two age groups are elderly populations. For them, aging results from the effects of a wide variety of cellular and molecular damage accumulating over time. The cumulative data leads to gradual decrease in physical capacity, increasing risk of disease and death. Beyond the biological changes, ageing is also linked with other life transitions such as death of partners and friends, housing relocation and retirement. These pressures have implications for overall health thus explaining why the older persons report a higher death rate (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2016). NSG4076 W7 Dis Causes of Death


Figure 1. Causes of death (Source: Heron, 2019, p. 29)


Stanhope, M. &. Lancaster, J. (2016). Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community (9th ed.). Elsevier.

Heron, M. (2019). Deaths: leading causes for 2017. National Vital Statistics Report, 68(6), 1-77. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_06-508.pdf NSG4076 W7 Dis Causes of Death

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