Posted: November 1st, 2022
(NUR 648E) Role of Nurse Educator and Curriculum Development.
Health care is a continually evolving field driven by various changes. Nurse educators need an understanding of changes in health care and the driving forces behind them in order to create a relevant and contemporary curriculum. The purpose of this assignment is to describe the role of the nurse educator and to identify internal and external influences on curriculum development and how those changes influence the role of the nurse educator.(NUR 648E) Role of Nurse Educator and Curriculum Development.
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In a 1,000-1,250 word essay, describe various aspects of the role of a nurse educator and the internal and external influences driving curriculum development. Include the following in your essay:
Summarize the role of a nurse educator in curriculum development according to the National League for Nursing Nurse Educator Competencies.
Explain how the nurse educator role changes in different settings (e.g., classroom, clinical, bedside, or simulation).
Explain how nursing education theories influence the nurse educator role. Provide specific examples.
Explain what curriculum is and summarize the curriculum design process.
Identify three internal and three external influences on curriculum development. Describe how they play a role in curriculum development.
This assignment requires 4-6 cited sources.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.(NUR 648E) Role of Nurse Educator and Curriculum Development.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.(NUR 648E) Role of Nurse Educator and Curriculum Development.
Role of the Nurse Educator in Curriculum Development and the External and Internal Influences on Nursing Curricula
The nurse educator role has become increasingly important in the face of the rapidly changing landscape of nursing practice. In order to ensure that the calibre of nurses educated and trained are up to the task, the calibre of nurse educators must be of the highest order. This begins with the development of the curriculum that the nurse educators will use to teach the student nurses. This curriculum must not only be devoid of obsolete nursing theory and practices, but also have the latest evidence-based approach to the teaching of nurses. Another important thing is the current significance of healthcare technologies. This curriculum must also be inclusive of the latest in healthcare technology courses for nurses. This paper looks at the role of the nurse educator in curriculum development and the influence on the curriculum of factors that are both external and internal to the curriculum development process.
The Role of a Nurse Educator in Curriculum Development
According to the National League for Nursing (2020), the role of a nurse educator in curriculum development encompasses eight salient areas. These are the eight nurse educator competencies which promote excellence for nurse educators. They also cement the place of nursing education as a specialty area of its own (National League for Nursing, 2020). The first competency is the facilitation of learning for the nurse students. The nurse educator is supposed to create a conducive learning environment in all settings. This includes the classroom, the clinical area, and the laboratory settings. Whilst doing this, the nurse educator is also supposed to facilitate the attainment of the relevant psychomotor, cognitive, and affective domain outcomes. The second competency or role is the facilitation of the development of the nursing students and their socialization into nursing practice. The nurse educator is responsible for transforming nursing students from potential nurses into professional nurses. She has the role of helping her students internalise the values, conduct, and demeanor that the nursing profession is associated with. Third on the competency list or roles is the use of appropriate evaluation and assessment strategies. The nurse educator is supposed to come up with appropriate means to gauge student progress in the classroom and other settings by using various strategies. In doing this the nurse educator is expected to assess student progress in all the three domains of learning (cognitive, affective, and psychomotor). The fourth nurse educator role or competency requires that she be involved in curriculum design and the evaluation of program outcomes. She is expected to participate in the development of curricula that are in line with current developments and advances in healthcare trends and technology. Moreover, she has the role of coming up with program outcomes and how they will be measured. All this will enable the nursing graduates to be efficient and successful in practice after going through the curriculum (National League for Nursing, 2020).(NUR 648E) Role of Nurse Educator and Curriculum Development.
The fifth role or competency of the nurse educator is that of a leader and agent for change. As a nurse educator, she is expected to influence the future of nurse education and nursing practice for the better. Sixth on the role or competency of a nurse educator is seeking of continuous improvement in quality with regard to the nurse educator role. This fosters more efficiency and more effectiveness. Second last on the competencies or role of a nurse educator states that she should be involved in scholarship. It is acknowledged that teaching on its own merit is scholarship. However the nurse educator is expected to engage in scholarly activities such as publishing and doing research. Lastly, the nurse educator is expected to understand the prevailing educational environment. On this, she should be aware of what is going on around her. She should also appreciate the significance of the influence of political, social, institutional, and economic forces on nursing education (National League for Nursing, 2020).(NUR 648E) Role of Nurse Educator and Curriculum Development.
Changing Nurse Educator Role in Different Settings
The nurse educator role as has been seen above is multifaceted and multidimensional. Acknowledging that the nurse educator has a slightly varying role in each educational setting, there is need to clarify these nuances. Teaching settings for the nurse educator include the classroom, the clinical area, and the laboratory. In the clinical area, the nurse educator’s role is more of bringing out the best in student attitude (affective domain) and practical hands-on skills (psychomotor domain). In the classroom setting, the nurse educator role changes to the passing on of mainly cognitive domain material involving knowledge and recall of facts. At the bedside, the nurse educator role is to bring out more of the affective domain (attitudes towards patient and the nursing profession). Lastly, in a simulation setting the nurse educator emphasizes on the psychomotor domain and brings out the nexus between the domain and the cognitive domain (RegisteredNursing.org, 2019).(NUR 648E) Role of Nurse Educator and Curriculum Development.
Influence of Nursing Education Theories on Nurse Educator Role
Nursing education theories provide the conceptual or theoretical framework upon which curriculum development and teaching of nurse students occurs. These theories therefore influence the role of the nurse educator in profound ways. Examples are the Self-Care Nursing Theory, the Humanistic Nursing Theory, and the Need Theory (Duquesne University, n.d.). For instance, the self-care nursing theory impacts the role of the nurse educator in that it advocates for the patient to be self sufficient and in charge of their own care. This is exactly what the nurse educator teaches her nursing students to bestow on their patients (bioethical principle of autonomy). The humanistic nursing theory on the other hand looks at the patient as a holistic human being (Duquesne University, n.d.) Therefore, this theory influences the role of the nurse educator in that it guides her to teach her students to be holistic nurses who are culturally sensitive and competent.
The Curriculum Design Process
A curriculum could be defined as a planned and guided learning process that is done as a group or individually, within or without a learning institution (Shanthi & Angeline, 2015). Curriculum development itself is a complicated, meticulous, and tedious process.(NUR 648E) Role of Nurse Educator and Curriculum Development. The stages of the process are analysis (of what is needed, the knowledge required, the practical skills required, and the attitude to be passed on), design (taking into account the mission, vision, and goals of the teaching institution), development (courses required, teaching methodology, and assessment modalities), implementation, and evaluation (Shanthi & Angeline, 2015).
Internal and External Influence on Curriculum Development
Three internal influences on curriculum development could be summed up as faculty background, institutional mission (King, 2010) and institutional goals. The external influences on the curriculum, on the other hand, include the marketplace or employers (Ashraf, n.d.), technology, and type of student. Internal influences like faculty background menas the calibre of nurse educator working on the curriculum. This determines whether it is good or bad. External influences like the marketplace means the calibre of nurses needed by employers. This informs the type of curriculum developed.
The role of the nurse educator is important in the development of the curriculum for nurse students. However, this role is influenced by factors such as nursing theories that underpin the theoretical framework of the curricula. In all, the role of the nutse educator in curriculum development is multifaceted and of great importance.(NUR 648E) Role of Nurse Educator and Curriculum Development.
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