Research Critique of a Published Quantitative Research Study.

Posted: December 13th, 2022

Research Critique of a Published Quantitative Research Study.


Research Critique of a Published Quantitative Research Study
Worth 10 points (5% of NUR702 grade)
Coates, R., Ayers, S., & de Visser, R. (2014). Women’s experiences of postnatal distress: a qualitative study. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 14(1), 359.


Wardrop, A, A., & Popaduik, N, E., (2013). Women’s experiences with postpartum anxiety: Expectations, relationships and sociocultural influences. Qual Rep (18), 1–24.
Smythe, E, A., Payne, D., Wilson, S., & Wynard, S. (2013). The dwelling space of postnatal care. Women Birth, (26), 110–113.
Razurel, C, Kaiser, B, Sellenet, C, & Epiney, M. (2013). The relation between perceived stress, social support, and coping strategies and maternal well-being: A review of the literature. Women Health, (53), 74–99.Research Critique of a Published Quantitative Research Study.
The overall purpose of the study is to evaluate the experience of women after childbirth.
Research Questions/Hypotheses
The purpose and the research questions of the study are clearly stated. The primary aim of the researchers was to evaluate the experiences of women that resulted in emotional distress within the first year after giving birth. The research questions for the study as follows
• “Can you tell me about when you first started to feel distressed?”
• “What thoughts and feelings did you experience?”
• “How did you cope with your symptoms?”
• “What was your experience of seeking help (if you did so) during this period?”
• “What was your experience of being offered help?”
The researchers have presented logic argument and scientific evidence for the issue. Most women experience posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following childbirth. Consequently, the researcher focused on the actual experiences of women and postnatal distress during this period. These experiences necessitated diagnostic categories. The researcher aimed to evaluate the way women viewed postnatal distress.
Variables /Theoretical or Conceptual Framework.
The researcher has defined both dependent and independent variables. The dependent variable is postnatal distress while independent variables are all the experiences that are associated with this condition. However, the study does not have any theoretical basis.Research Critique of a Published Quantitative Research Study.
Review of the literature
The researchers have reviewed the adequate and relevant literature. First, the author reviewed the work of Wardrop and Papaduik (2013). The authors had interviewed six women who were experiencing anxiety with in the first six months after childbirth. Additionally, the authors reviewed the work of Smythe et al (2013) regarding the postnatal care given to women experiencing distress following childbirth. Finally, the researchers evaluated the work of Razurel et al (2013) regarding the connection between maternal well-being and social support, perceived stress, and coping mechanism.Research Critique of a Published Quantitative Research Study.
The qualitative study design was used in which semi-structured interviews were conducted.
The sample size of the study was 17 women. The selected participants had experienced psychological issues within the first year after childbirth. The sample size for this study was adequate since the participants were selected from various healthcare facilities. The selection process was not biased since the participants were from different hospitals and had different ages (23 to 42 years). The inclusion and exclusion criteria were clearly stated. In the inclusion criteria, the participant was supposed to have given birth in the previous year, which resulted in “emotional difficulties” sometime in the year. Therefore, all women who had not given birth in the past year were excluded from the study.
Telephones were used to collect data from the participants. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to analyze the collected data. These instruments were reliable and valid.
Living things were involved in the study and their rights were observed. Their rights were observed since the participant gave their consent to take part in the study without being forced. Additionally, their information was treat as private and confidential.Research Critique of a Published Quantitative Research Study.
Data collection techniques
Semi-structured interviews were used to collect the required data during the study. The interview was conducted on face to face through the telephone. These data collection techniques were appropriate for the study. The bias was minimized by engaging women who had given birth in the past year and experienced some mental issues. However, the setting and procedures for the study were not clear.
Analysis of data and Results
The data collected during the study were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). The presented data was concerning the hypothesis of the study. Additionally, the authors presented a summary of all the data that was collected. The results indicate that women experience emotional difficulties following childbirth.
Interpretation and Conclusions
The authors have discussed all the significant relationships in this article. In particular, they have covered all experiences associated with postnatal distress. Additionally, they have compared this study with prior research on the same subject matter. Their conclusions support the results of the study. The conclusion indicates postnatal distress is associated with becoming a mother. The authors relate their findings to clinical significance and nursing practice since they explain the high rate of emotional difficulties following childbirth. The study had a limitation since most of the participants were white women who were already working before the childbirth. A study can be conducted to evaluate women of other ethnicities and stay home mums.
Evidence-Based Practice.
This article could be used to implement evidence-based practice change. In particular, it could be used to advocate for the support that should be accorded to mothers after childbirth in particular working mothers.

Research Critique of a Published Quantitative Research Study
Worth 10 points (5% of NUR702 grade)
Please complete using this form and
include an electronic copy of the journal article with submission of critique

Reference __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
1. Purpose. What is the overall purpose of the study? Try to state this in one sentence.

2. Research Questions/Hypotheses. Are these, or most of these items, clearly stated? Is the purpose clearly stated?

3. Gap/Background/Significance. Is there scientific evidence and a logical argument for the problem and for the proposed level of research to address the problem?

4. Variables /Theoretical or Conceptual Framework. Identify the concepts of interest. Is there a theoretical basis for the study? Could you diagram the framework with the associated variables? Which are the independent variables and which are the dependent variables? Were the variables adequately defined?Research Critique of a Published Quantitative Research Study.


5. Review of the literature. Is it clear, adequate? Relevant?


6. Design. What is the research design for the study?

7. Sample. Was the sample size adequate? Was the population appropriate for the research question? Does sample selection process introduce bias? Were the inclusion and exclusion criteria clearly stated?


8. Instruments. Identify the measures. Were the reliability and validity estimates given and adequate?


9. Ethics. If there were living things in the study, were their rights and safety addressed?


10. Data collection techniques. Was the setting described? Did data collection methods appear appropriate for the study? Was bias minimized? Were procedures described clearly?


11. Analysis of data and Results. Were data presented in relation to each hypothesis? Was a summary of all data presented? Were tables clear and logical? Was descriptive analysis of the data provided? What methods of data analysis were used?Research Critique of a Published Quantitative Research Study.


12. Interpretation and Conclusions. Are statistically significant relationships discussed? Is a comparison provided for prior research? Do the conclusions support the results? Does the author relate the findings to nursing practice and the clinical significance? Are limitations and indication for further research discussed?

13. Evidence-Based Practice. Could you use this article/research to implement evidence-based practice change? Give an example.

Research Study Critique Rubric
Aspects Possible Points Points Awarded
Research questions
Background 2
Literature Review 2
Instruments 2
Data collection 2
Total Points 10

Research Critique of a Published Quantitative Research Study.

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