Rough draft qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Consideration.

Posted: December 1st, 2022

Rough draft qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Consideration.


Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two qualitative research studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part 1” document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses.


Use the practice problem and two qualitative, peer-reviewed research article you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment. Rough draft qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Consideration.
In a 1,000–1,250 word essay, summarize two qualitative studies, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study. Rough draft qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Consideration.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.

Research Critique Guidelines – Part I: Qualitative Studies

Background of Study

The article by Chan et al. (2019) focused on the communication challenges nurses working in oncology wards face. According to the authors, the shortage of nurses puts more pressure on the oncology nurses facing, who are already burdened with busy oncology wards. The issue of the nursing shortage is very significant to the nursing practice because the nursing shortage is associated with poor patient care and care outcomes such as increased mortality rate, medication errors, high rate of infections, and increased length of hospital stay. The study setting was The Hospital Authority in Hong Kong: a hospital facing a major problem with the shortage of nurses in all settings. The purpose and objective of the study by Chan et al. (2019) were therefore to assess how oncology nurses in the target hospital perceived their communication with patients and how they handled the psychological needs of patients in the busy oncology ward. The objective of the study was used to guide the study. Rough draft qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Consideration.

The study by Boulton & Beer (2018) addressed the recruitment and retaining of nurses and the consequent nursing shortage. The recruitment of nurses and their retention rate has an impact on the nursing shortage in the nursing practice. The issue of recruitment and retention of nurses is significant to nursing due to the importance of nursing retention and adequate nursing staff to patient care and safety. The purpose and objective of the study by Boulton & Beer (2018) were to gain a better understanding of the factors likely to impact the recruitment and retention of nurses.


Rough draft qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Consideration.





How Articles Support the Nurse Practice Issue

The two articles will be used to provide answers to the PICOT question regarding the most effective strategies to combat the nursing shortage and the consequent effects (Boulton & Beer, 2018). In addition, the articles provide information on the effect of nursing shortage on adverse incidents, poor patient outcomes, poor quality of care, and the mortality rate (Chan et al, 2019). Strategies such as better recruitment and improved retention rate of nurses, using the appropriate leadership styles, and implementing the appropriate organizational culture have been shown to be effective in preventing nurse attrition rate, a major contributing factor to the nursing shortage. In addition, reducing the nursing shortage rate in the articles as well as in the PICOT question was identified as a key strategy to improve the quality of care, better patient care and outcomes, as well as reduced mortality rate (Boulton & Beer, 2018; &Chan et al, 2019).

Method of Study

Chan et al (2019) used the qualitative interview study as the methodology to collect rich and detailed data regarding the experiences of the study participant and understand and have them explain their perspectives regarding in the busy oncology ward. Only eleven (11) study participants took part in this study. Focus group discussions (FGDs) were used to collect rich data about from the study participants on their perspectives and experiences in the busy ward. For data analysis, thematic analysis was used where the data was classified according to related themes. The study by Boulton & Beer (2018) used a qualitative exploratory design as the research methodology. An online questionnaire that had fixed-choice and open-ended questions was used to collect data from the study participants (121). In addition, focus groups were used to collect data and for data triangulation. Analysis of data was done through inductive thematic analysis (Boulton & Beer, 2018). Rough draft qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Consideration.

The qualitative research design employed by both studies allowed deep exploration of experiences and insights from the participants of the study. This facilitated collection of in-depth data. However, the use of qualitative research design did not allow recruitment of large sample size and this could limit generalization and application of the study findings to practice and the general population (Sutton & Austin, 2015).

Results of Study

The findings by Chan et al. (2019) indicate that the lack of enough nursing staff and the many demands within the oncology ward hinder them from providing holistic care to cancer patients that include the provision of psychosocial care. due to the lack of time and the physical demands in the oncology wards, the provision of psychosocial care was not a priority, regardless of the significance of psychosocial care to cancer patients. The findings of this study indicate the importance of addressing the nurse: patient ratio, especially in busy wards such as oncology unit in order to ensure that all patient needs are addressed and thus improve the quality of care and patient outcomes. Rough draft qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Consideration.

Findings by Boulton & Beer (2018) indicated that some of the factors contributing to the high attrition rate for nurses include the need to change careers, unsupportive organizational culture, lack of job security, and restricted career progression. The findings from this study imply the need to implement strategies such as use appropriate leadership styles in order to reduce attrition of the nurse workforce while promoting a high retention rate. This can effectively address the current shortage of nurses and thus lead to better patient care and better health outcomes. Rough draft qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Consideration.



Ethical Considerations

In research projects, respecting the confidentiality of the study subjects and seeking informed consent from the study participants are the most important ethical aspects. In addition, research approval from the appropriate ethics body should be obtained before starting any research project involving human subjects (Eyal, 2017). The research by Chan et al (2019), ethical approval was sought from the relevant Research Ethics Committee before the study was conducted. In addition, informed consent was obtained from the nurses participating in the study. To ensure the confidentiality of the study participants, pseudonyms were utilized to ensure anonymity. Similarly, in the study by Boulton & Beer (2018) approval to conduct the research was obtained from the University Research Ethics Committee. To ensure confidentiality, the study participants completed the questionnaire anonymously while since this was an online questionnaire, submitting the questionnaire was perceived as consent to take part in the study. The questionnaire had the part that explained the whole procedure and all aspects pertaining to the study. Rough draft qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Consideration.


Research Critique Guidelines – Part I

Qualitative Studies

Background of Study

  1. Summary of studies. Include problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research question.

How do these two articles support the nurse practice issue you chose?

  1. Discuss how these two articles willbe used to answer your PICOT question.
  2. Describe how the interventions and comparison groups in the articles compare to those identified in your PICOT question.

Method of Study:

  1. State the methods of the two articles you are comparing and describe how they are different.
  2. Consider the methods you identified in your chosen articles and state one benefit and one limitation of each method.

Results of Study

  1. Summarize the key findings of each study in one or two comprehensive paragraphs.
  2. What are the implications of the two studies in nursing practice?

Ethical Considerations

  1. Discuss two ethical consideration in conducting research.
  2. Describe how the researchers in the two articles you choose took these ethical considerations into account while performing their research. Rough draft qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Consideration.

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