Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

Posted: January 9th, 2023

Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.


Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two qualitative research studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part 1” document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses. Use the practice problem and two qualitative, peer-reviewed research article you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment.Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.


In a 1,000–1,250 word essay, summarize two qualitative studies, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

The study by Dehkordi&Abdoli (2017) sought to examine the impact of diabetes self-management education on people with diabetes. This is because diabetes is a chronic disease that requires effective self-management in order to ensure suitable glycemic control and prevent possible complications. Therefore, diabetes self-management education supports people with diabetes to make informed decisions, improve self-care behaviors, and empower individuals with diabetes. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the experiences of individuals with diabetes from a diabetes self-management education program. The research question was the impact of a diabetes self-management education program on the behavior, self-management, and the quality of life for people with diabetes.Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

Ogunrinu et al (2017) explored the impact of health education and self-management practices in, effective monitoring of blood glucose, adherence to medication, a good diet, glycosylated Hb, and physical activities in people with type 2 diabetes. This study is very significant to nursing practice because improved skills and knowledge through patient education has been shown to ensure effective glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes. This prevents complications associated with diabetes and also reduces the mortality rate. In addition, increased skills and knowledge in regard to diabetes management have been shown to be effective in behavior modification and resulting in positive health outcomes. The aim of the study was, therefore, to explore and understand the experiences and perceptions of self-management practices and health education on patients with type 2 diabetes.Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

How Articles Support the Nurse Practice Issue?

The articles are relevant to my study topic and PICOT question in that they address patient education for people with diabetes. Education for individuals with diabetes helps to improve their self-management practices through behavior modification. Both articles indicate that self-management education program improves self-care knowledge and behaviors for patients with diabetes which facilitates good glycemic control and positive health outcomes in individuals with diabetes.Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations. In both articles, diabetes self-management education was used as an intervention for people with diabetes. Similarly, the PICOT question identified diabetes self-management education as the intervention to help in improving self-management of diabetes and modifying their behaviors as well.

Method of Study:

In Dehkordi&Abdoli (2017), a descriptive phenomenology approach included three phases namely intuition, analysis, and descriptive phase. Phenomenology was selected due to its suitability in exploring and understanding the experiences of the study participants. In this study, descriptive phenomenology relied on the experiences of the study participants about diabetes self-management education. 15 study participants were recruited and the study sample was selected using purposive sampling. Data was collected from the participants using unstructured interviews while Colaizzi’s approach was used to perform data analysis.Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

Ogunrinu et al (2017), adopted phenomenology qualitative design as the exploratory research method. Focus group discussions (FGDs) and key informant interviews (KIIs were used to collect data about the perspectives and experiences of the study participants. In addition, KIIs and FGDs were utilized as the triangulation techniques for validating data.  The theoretical model that was used to design KIIs and FGDs guides was the Health Belief Model. The information from the focus group discussions and the KIIs was audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim, and translation was done for analysis. In addition, grounded theory methods were utilized in the identification of the emerging codes and were classified and evaluated in Atlas.ti. Analysis of the data for the emerging themes was then done and critical quotes used to support the themes. In Ogunrinu et al (2017), there were 20 study participants and their confidentiality was protected by allocated every participant a code number.Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

Both studies adopted a phenomenological research design. The main strength of this research methodology is that it is flexible and hence allows for more freedom during the interviewing process to investigate and explore insights and experiences from the study participants.  In addition, the qualitative research design allows the collection of in-depth data about the feelings, insights, opinions, and experiences of the study participants. Therefore, the research design allowed a deeper exploration of the insights from the participants (Rahman, 2017).

The key limitations of the study methodology include that the phenomenological research design focuses on meanings and experiences, and leaves out contextual sensitivities. In addition, the sample size for both studies was small and hence may limit generalization of the study results to the general population (Rahman, 2017).Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

Results of Study

The findings from Dehkordi&Abdoli (2017) indicated that diabetes self-management education is essential to improve the quality of life and health of people living with diabetes. However, the study participants indicated that the content of the education did not meet their expectations, especially those who had diabetes for several years. In addition, the findings indicated that young adults living with diabetes preferred interactive methods during patient education while older adults preferred lecturing teaching techniques. These findings indicate that diabetes self-management education should be individualized and personalized. The findings also indicate that diabetes education should be delivered by a multidisciplinary team to help deliver expertise information and thus maximize the learning of individuals. Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

Findings from Ogunrinu et al (2017) indicated that diabetes health education in the target hospital represented an integration of evidence-based practices in teaching self-management skills effective in modifying behaviors. Behaviors that were modified using diabetes health education included healthy eating, problem-solving skills, coping skills, exercises, and risk-reduction behaviors.  The behaviors were effective in predicting good glycemic control, reducing complications, and improving the quality of life for individuals with type 2 diabetes. These findings indicate that healthcare organizations should ensure the provision of education to patients with diabetes in order to ensure good glycemic control and prevent complications. It is important to assess the perceived patient hinderances to self-management behaviors in order to personalize the self-management action plans.Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

Ethical Considerations

When conducting research, it is important to seek informed consent from the research subjects and also respect the confidentiality and privacy of the research participants (Yip et al., 2016). The researchers in the articles sought informed consent from the study participants before they were enrolled in the study. In addition, the researchers in the two studies maintained the anonymity of the study participants, and therefore their confidentiality and privacy were protected.Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

Qualitative Studies

Background of Study

  1. Summary of studies. Include problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research question.

How do these two articles support the nurse practice issue you chose?

  1. Discuss how these two articles willbe used to answer your PICOT question.
  2. Describe how the interventions and comparison groups in the articles compare to those identified in your PICOT question.Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

Method of Study:

  1. State the methods of the two articles you are comparing and describe how they are different.
  2. Consider the methods you identified in your chosen articles and state one benefit and one limitation of each method.

Results of Study

  1. Summarize the key findings of each study in one or two comprehensive paragraphs.
  2. What are the implications of the two studies in nursing practice?

Ethical Considerations

  1. Discuss two ethical consideration in conducting research.
  2. Describe how the researchers in the two articles you choose took these ethical considerations into account while performing their research.

Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

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