Posted: December 6th, 2022
Social Anxiety Disorders and Adjustment Disorder Essay
Discussion:-WK6- Treatment of SOCIAL Anxiety Disorders Anxiety disorders are common in both primary care and psychiatric practice. Clients with anxiety disorders including generalized anxiety disorders, agoraphobia, and other specific phobias will present to the PMHNP’s office with a significant level of distress. Successful recognition and treatment of anxiety disorders includes an accurate diagnostic assessment with a treatment plan that includes a combination of psychopharmacology and psychotherapy. Although psychoanalytic theories are based on the concept of anxiety, the more recent standard of care is with the cognitive-behavioral therapies. Social Anxiety Disorders and Adjustment Disorder Essay . In this Discussion, you will analyze evidence-based treatment plans for clients with anxiety disorders. Learning Objectives Students will: • Analyze differences between adjustments disorders and Social anxiety disorders • Analyze diagnostic criteria for Social anxiety disorders • Analyze evidence-based psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic treatment for Social anxiety disorders • Compare differential diagnostic features of anxiety disorders QUESTION • Explain the difference between an adjustment disorder and Social Anxiety disorder. Provide examples to illustrate your rationale. • Explain the diagnostic criteria for Social Anxiety disorder . • Explain the evidenced-based psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic treatment for Social Anxiety disorder . • Support your rationale with references to the Learning Resources or other academic resource. Social Anxiety Disorders and Adjustment Disorder Essay
Adjustment disorder is a combination of physical symptoms, feeling of hopelessness and sadness as well as stress. These occur after undergoing through a stressful event in life that one experiences coping difficulties. The expected type of occurrence outdoes the response thus causing multiple symptoms. The condition persists for not more than six months but can also disappear on its own after three months (Sadock, Sadock & Ruiz, 2014). Development of chronic stress from adjustment disorder can be draining both financially and socially. This illness can be triggered by events like deaths of close people or loss of employment whereby the patient experiences difficulties in adjusting to the new changes.
On the contrary, anxiety disorders describe mental disorders presenting in the form of fear and anxiety. Anxiety is associated with the worry of the consequences of the events that have not yet taken place and the fear of the uncertainty of responses towards them. The illness is characterized by shakiness and fast heartrate as well as increased worrying. Headache, depression and shakiness can occur from persistent anxiety disorders since they affect the central nervous system resulting in increased production of stress hormones (Quinn & Peters, 2017). An example of anxiety disorder is when an individual presents fear of using the public washrooms due to worries of contracting infections from them or else they are being observed by other people. Social Anxiety Disorders and Adjustment Disorder Essay
ORDER A PLAGIARISM- FREE PAPER NOW
Diagnostic criteria for Social Anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder presents feelings of nervousness and lack of comfortability in social situations. These include personal and interpersonal situations involving presentation, participation, public speaking as well as interactive events. The differential diagnosis for this disease is the presence of unrealistic and excessive fear of specific performance and interpersonal situations due to fear of being judged or humiliated (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Moreover excessive anxiety is associated with exposure to social situations. Structured clinical interviews also can be employed as differentiating tests for social anxiety disorder.
Psychotherapy is associated with counselling. It promotes effective emotional response to social anxiety stimuli. Cognitive behavior therapy is an essential approach to understanding the mental condition as well as recognizing and changing the patterns of thinking (Acosta et al., 2017). This eventually alters behaviors that induce anxieties. Relaxation and breathing techniques provide coping skills when a stressful event has occurred. Breathing helps to reduce anxiousness and supports relaxation (Quinn, & Peters, 2017). In addition, coaching techniques train patients on skills to employ in situations that trigger anxiety and fear. Mental therapy psychiatrists also promote lifestyle change through the involvement of clients in physical exercise activities as well as training them on diet change, sleep patterns and drug and substance abuse (Quinn, & Peters, 2017). Social Anxiety Disorders and Adjustment Disorder Essay
Evidence-Based Psychopharmacologic Treatment
Social anxiety disorders can be also be managed using medications. This involves the administration of antidepressants such asLexapro, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), which restores the serotine balance in the brain (Stahl, 2014). It also improves the feeling of well-being and increases the levels of energy in the body resulting to reduced nervousness. Fluoxetine is also used to improve the energy levels, appetite, sleep patterns and moods in clients with the social anxiety disorder (Gabbard, 2014).In general, medicines used in the management of this illness help in relieving stress and anxiety symptoms through the alteration of particular functions of the brain components.
Acosta, M. C., Possemato, K., Maisto, S. A., Marsch, L. A., Barrie, K., Lantinga, L., . . . Rosenblum, A. (2017). Web-delivered CBT reduces heavy drinking in OEF-OIF veterans in primary care with symptomatic substance use and PTSD. Behavior Therapy, 48(2), 262-–276. doi:10.1016/j.beth.2016.09.001
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Gabbard, G. O. (2014). Gabbard’s treatment of psychiatric disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publications. Social Anxiety Disorders and Adjustment Disorder Essay
Quinn, B. L., & Peters, A. (2017). Strategies to reduce nursing student test anxiety: A literature review. Journal of Nursing Education, 56(3), 145–151. doi:10.3928/01484834-20170222-05
Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.
Stahl, S. M. (2014). Prescriber’s Guide: Stahl’s Essential Psychopharmacology (5th ed.). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Social Anxiety Disorders and Adjustment Disorder Essay
Place an order in 3 easy steps. Takes less than 5 mins.