Posted: January 20th, 2023
Treatment for Community acquired pneumonia Essay.
One of the most infectious diseases in the clinical setting is community-acquired pneumonia. It describes an infection of the lower respiratory tract that is acquired outside of a health facility. It is a global health concern and a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States.
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This illness presents in the form of pleuritic chest pain, dyspnea, rigors, fatigue, chills, fever, and coughs(Prina,Ranzani & Torres, 2015). The treatment plan is influenced by the severity of the condition measured using the clinical judgment and mortality prediction tools.
The treatment of community-acquired is effectively achieved through empirical therapy.Treatment for Community acquired pneumonia Essay. This involves the use of doxycycline, fluoroquinolones or macrolides. After the improvement of the symptoms hospitalized patients are switched to oral antibiotics from parenteral antibiotics (Jain et al., 2015). This is because they have already developed tolerance to oral drugs. The optimization of care for community-acquired pneumonia is improved by clinical pathways. They also ensure the effectiveness of cost.
Pneumonia is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. Atypical pneumonia occurs from infections by unidentified microorganism, adenovirus, chlamydia, legionella, mycoplasma and influenza virus. Community-acquired pneumonia is comorbid with diseases such as diabetes among others. The types of treatment for people with comorbidities include the administration of moxifloxacin and levofloxacin medications which are the respiratory fluoroquinolones. Inpatient treatment of comorbid pneumonia is done through the use of fluoroquinolones, macrolides, ceftriaxone and intravenous beta-lactam. These are given to patients with moderate to high risks falling under class IV and V. For those patients with low risk class II and III as well as outpatients, doxycycline, fluoroquinolones or macrolides are preferred antibiotics for treatment. Alternative antibiotics for comorbid pneumonia include ceftin, cefzil, cefpodoxime and augmentin (Lutfiyya et al., 2006).Treatment for Community acquired pneumonia Essay.
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