Week 6-Quantitative and Qualitative Article Critique.

Posted: December 11th, 2022

Week 6-Quantitative and Qualitative Article Critique.


Qualitative and quantitative articles critique Article: Tinkler, L., Smith, V., Yiannakou, Y. & Robinson, L. (2017). Professional identity and clinical research nurse: a qualitative study exploring issues having an impact on participant recruitment in research. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 74, 318-328. DOI: 10.1111/jan.13409 QUALITATIVE CRITICAL APPRAISAL GUIDELINES KEY CONCEPTS OF THE APPRAISAL I. Data Management and Analysis 1. Describe the data management and analysis methods used in the study. 2. Did the author discuss how the rigor of the process was assured? 3. What measures were used to minimize the effects of researcher bias? 4. Did the data management and analysis methods fit the research purposes and data? Data collected from focus group discussions was subjected to thematic analysis.Week 6-Quantitative and Qualitative Article Critique.


The author discussed how rigor was assured, mentioning that data verification was conducted by the whole research team. Effects of researcher bias were minimized through the use of regular discussions and consensus that involved the whole research team in the data collection and analysis process. The data management and analysis fit the research purpose and data since it collected the participants’ opinions and verified the identified themes by getting the participants to offer feedback on the thematic analysis results/summaries. J. Findings 1. Did the findings address the purpose of the study? 2. Were the data sufficiently analyzed? 3. Were the interpretations of data congruent with data collected? The findings addressed the purpose of the study. The study sought to explore the opinions of nurses on issues that have an impact on participant recruitment in research. Nurses involved in research were recruited, and they offered their opinions. The data was sufficiently analyzed by subjecting it to thematic analysis that presented emerging themes.Week 6-Quantitative and Qualitative Article Critique.

The interpretations were congruent with the collected data. The interpretations restated the emerging themes as the issues that impacts participant recruitment in research. K. Discussion 1. Did the results offer new information about the target phenomenon? 2. Were the findings linked to findings in other studies or other relevant literatures? The results offered new information about the target phenomenon. While previously there was speculation, the collected data were on to organize the speculation into concrete evidence with justifications as presented by the participants. The findings were linked to findings on other studies with citations on how ideas were organized. L. Logic and Form of Findings 1. Were readers able to hear the voice of the participants and gain an understanding of the phenomenon studied? 2. Did the overall presentation of the study fit its purpose, method, and findings? The readers were able to hear the voice of the participants with excerpts from the discussions included in the thematic analysis.Week 6-Quantitative and Qualitative Article Critique.

The overall presentation of the study fit its purpose, method and finding. The information was organized to show a clear progression from a lack of knowledge towards new knowledge. M. Evaluation Summary 1. Do the findings provide a credible reflection of reality? If so, how can the findings be used in nursing practice? 2. What do the findings add to the current body of knowledge? 3. State the conclusion of the critical appraisal of the study. The findings provided credible reflect of reality since they linked the opinions of participants to these as the study intended. As such, the findings can be used in nursing practice. The findings add to the current body of knowledge by identifying the factors that influence participants’ recruitment in research. This knowledge can help in developing better participant recruitment strategies. The article has been well organized to present the results of the study and implications for practice. Also, they are detailed enough to facilitate replication efforts.   Article: Johnson, K., Razo, S., Smith, J., Cain, A. & Soper, K. (2019). Optimize patient outcomes among females undergoing gynecological surgery: a randomized controlled trial. Applied Nursing Research, 45, 39-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.apnr.2018.12.005 QUANTITATIVE CRITICAL APPRAISAL GUIDELINES KEY CONCEPTS IN APPRAISAL H. Measurements/Instruments 1. What are the physiological measures or instruments used in the study? 2. Are they clearly described? 3. Are they credible and reliable, how so? The study used medical records and phone-call interviews with the participants. The instruments are clearly described with the relevant data from medical records and follow-up phone calls identified. The two instruments are credible and reliable.Week 6-Quantitative and Qualitative Article Critique.

The medical records rely on the same medical instruments. The phone calls used the same format with six questions being asked in all cases. I. Data Collection 1. Describe the data collection process. 2. Is it consistently implemented, how so? The data collection process entailed evacuating the participants’ medical records, and subjecting them to telephone interviews. The data collection process was consistently implemented, with the same approach used for all the participants. J. Data Analyses 1. What statistical analyses are included in the research report? Are the data analysis procedures appropriate to the type of data collected? 2. Are the results presented in an understandable way? Are tables and figures used to synthesize and emphasize certain findings? Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS package to present counts, percentages, mean and standard deviation. The data analysis procedure was appropriate for quantitative data, and useful in comparing performance for the control and intervention groups. The results are presented in an understandable way with tables and figures used to emphasize key findings. K. Interpretation of Findings 1. What is the researcher’s interpretation of findings? Are the results related to the study framework? 2. Which findings are consistent with those expected? Which findings are unexpected? 3. Are significant and non-significant findings explained? 4. Are the study limitations identified and relevant? 5. How does the researcher generalize the findings? To what populations can the findings be generalized? 6. What implications do the findings have for nursing practice? 7. What suggestions are made for further studies? The researchers concluded that optimizing peri-operative educating using a bundle approach reduces the risks during recovery and enhances recovery among females undergoing gynecological surgery.Week 6-Quantitative and Qualitative Article Critique.

The findings are consistent with those expected since the theoretical framework had argued that more knowledgeable patients are better prepared to take charge of their care and reducing the possibility of adverse events during recovery. The significant and non-significant findings are explained. The study limitations are identified as the small sample size, a relevant factor when conducting inferential tests. Also, there was a limitation in knowing whether gum chewing interacted with early oral hydration and early mobilization to promote intestinal motility. The researcher generalizes the findings to females undergoing gynecological surgery, without consideration for age, race or marital status. The findings have implications for nursing practice by recommending a patient education approach using the bundle approach. The study makes suggestions for further studies to address the identified limitations. Week 6-Quantitative and Qualitative Article Critique.


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